Santos is a beautiful coastal city in southern Brazil’s São Paulo state, founded in 1546. It has a population of over 400,000. The city has the port to thank for its current wealth, as the exportation of coffee from here in the 20th century greatly contributed to its fame. Brazil is responsible for around 25% of the worlds coffee, making it one of the largest producers, a title it has held for the last 150 years. Brazilian coffee is described to be well balanced, with a variety of smooth sweetness and tart, fruity acidity.